What languages and technologies do you need to learn to become a full-stack developer and being a part of a dedicated team, one of the most popular specialists these days? Let’s figure this out.

According to StackOverflow research, a full-stack web developer is one of the most popular specializations among developers, so there’s no surprise, there are so many programs and courses to master this specialty.

Below I have collected links to resources that will help you gain the knowledge you need to become a full-stack developer and find your first job.




All web courses start with HTML and CSS because they are web bricks. The following topics are often encountered both in interviews and actual work.

  • Semantic HTML
  • CSS box model
  • CSS processors and their benefits
  • CSS media inquiries
  • Bootstrap is a framework that helps to design pages and create prototypes fast and is a great source of fundamental knowledge about CSS.


Today JS is not just a language that allows you to create interactive interfaces. Every day, with each new library, it becomes a fundamental part of the web. According to StackOverflow research, in 2016 JavaScript became the most popular programming language in all areas of web development: backend, frontend, and full-stack developers. The following topics should be understood by every full-stack developer:

  • How to work with DOM
  • What is JSON and how to manage it
  • Important JavaScript concepts
  • Asynchronous control streams
  • Promise
  • Callback
  • Structuring the code
  • Tools: Webpack, Browserify, Gulp
  • How to work with popular frameworks
  • React
  • AngularJS
  • jQuery
  • Testing frameworks.


The second part of the full-stack developer’s work is the creation of server logic. Here I will consider the topics related not only to popular programming languages but also to databases, SQL, and application building process logic.

Backend languages

  • js is server implementation of JavaScript
  • Express is a framework for working with Node.js and fast creation/deployment of web applications
  • if you are interested in creating apps for Ruby on Rails and Sinatra
  • Python and popular frameworks Django and Flask
  • Java this language is very popular in full-stack development, but if you are interested in working in the corporate segment, you should take a closer look at it
  • PHP is an important language and a cornerstone of the web. Today it is used in many companies and is in high demand

Databases and Web Storage

  • Understanding SQL
  • Understanding NoSQL databases like Mongo. Understand which one of the options is better in a particular case. Know how to connect and work with a specific database using your server programming language
  • Redis
  • Memcached
  • Web Storage API to store cookies and application cache
  • Scaling up databases


HTTP is what allows the client to connect to the server. So it is necessary to know how this protocol works.

  • What is REST and why it is important?
  • Best practices in RESTful API design
  • How to work with ChromeDevTools
  • What are SSL certificates?
  • WebSockets
  • Web application architecture

To create a complex application you need to know how to structure the code, how to build a file structure of the project, where to store large files, how to structure the database.

  • Learn the general concepts of PaaS (Platform as a Service)
  • Heroku
  • AWS
  • Designing Web Applications by Microsoft
  • MVC


How Git works and how to use it should be known in any field of development. The following links will help you.

  • The list of commands that are often used in the work
  • The Git tutorial for beginners

Basic algorithms and data structures

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Vineet Maheshwari is a passionate blogger and relationship oriented digital marketing consultant with over 10 years of experience in SEO, PPC management, web analytics, domain investing, affiliate marketing and digital strategy. He has helped high tech brands connect with customers in an engaging manner, thereby ensuring that high quality leads are generated over time.