“My Walkie Talkie has a maximum range up to 35 miles, but it’s not responding after 1 mile“,
is that what’s happening? Don’t Worry! You’re not alone.
There could be many factors that affect your Walkie talkie long range and knowing these factors is quite necessary. These factors drastically change the usable range from situation to situation.
You may be thinking the manufacturers are claiming false advertisements about the maximum range, but it’s not like that. Your radio can achieve the maximum range only when it’s used under ideal conditions.
We will move more in-depth about these ideal conditions and which factors affect the transmission path.
So, Let’s Get Started!
But before uncovering the obstructions or factors you must know-
How To Determine the Maximum Range Walkie Talkie/ Radio?
To find the maximum possible range of a Walkie Talkie radio the manufacturer creates ideal conditions.
These ideal conditions include removing every environmental factor and obstruction making a straight-line propagating through air.
The maximum range of transmission can be affected by a number of obstructions or we can say factors, the crucial factors include-
- Power Source
- Transmission Frequency
- Size/ Functionality Of Antenna
The major part of radio services in the U.S. are regulated by the FCC: GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) or FRS (Family Radio Service). FRES radios do not require any license while GMRS requires.
FCC granted a total of 22 standard sets of frequencies for FRS with a limit of 2 Watt Power supply. Also, it has fixed antennas for transmission. While GMRS radios have a quite greater range of transmission due to 5 Watts of Power source.
You may notice many manufacturers selling their FRS Walkie Talkie with a maximum range of up to 20 to 35 miles. Yes, you heard it right 35 miles! But only when you are under their ideal conditions.
No matter what’s the maximum range your Walkie Talkie will have a much lower range.
But, the point to consider here is all about the factors on which it depends on.
So, lets find out.
What Factors Affect Walkie Talkie Long Range?
There are several factors that affect the range of a walkie talkie and are even very hard to quantify.
These factors include-
- Noise From Other Radio Signals
Including these, your elevation to
plays a crucial role in limiting your signal strength or range. This is why it gets extremely difficult to predict the range of your Walkie Talkie in any region.
Well, below in this read we will let you know what guidelines you must go through to predict the target range of your Walkie Talkie and which factor affects you the most.
From the above-mentioned list, the most critical or affecting factors are obstacles in between transmission and geometry of the landscape around. We have taken a 2 watt (FRS license-free) radio/ Walkie Talkie as reference.
Geometry Of Landscape:
All license-free walkie talkies in the U.S have to use Ultra High Frequency (UHF) spectrum according to the FCC. Here the radio signals transmission takes place in a straight line until absorbed or reflected.
These UHF walkie talkies are considered “line-of-sight” communication devices with the medium-range transmission.
The strength of the signal drastically decreases when the geometry isn’t under suitable conditions. The other factor which blocks the transmission is-
Obstacles In The Transmission Path:
The UHF radio waves get blocked if any obstacle comes in between. These obstacles can be anything like trees, walls, rain, etc, which will eventually lower down the signal frequency. Big obstacles such as mountains can even completely block these waves.
In forested areas, trees absorb the signal and limit your Walkie Talkie range to a great extent. While in urban areas concrete bricks or metal used in building blocks reflect radio waves.
So, in urban and forested areas you can expect a range of a maximum of 1 mile. Although, it depends on the Walkie Talkie and of course on the battery.
What can I do if I want longer range?
If you need more range than what 5 watt GMRS gives you, you can consider walkie talkie apps that give you long range coverage by leverage on cellular data. These might work well if you are in urban areas or on highways with reception.
Summary about Walkie Talkie (FRS/GMRS) Range
Adventures without Walkie Talkie are like bread without butter. But different Walkie Talkies come with different transmission ranges, which are not even close to what we see.
Hope, this complete post helped you knowing what factors affect your Walkie talkie long range and how the manufacturers advertise true.
Happy Walkie Talking! Over.